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Wednesday, June 19, 2024

The place the Republican presidential candidates stand on abortion Categorical Occasions

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From left to proper: former U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley, former President Donald Trump, former New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, North Dakota Gov. Doug Burgum and Vivek Ramaswamy. Republican candidates proceed to be pressed on abortion rights on the marketing campaign path.

Joe Raedle/Getty Photographs; Brandon Bell/Getty Photographs; Michael M. Santiago/Getty Photographs; Scott Olson/Getty Photographs; Justin Sullivan/Getty Photographs


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Joe Raedle/Getty Photographs; Brandon Bell/Getty Photographs; Michael M. Santiago/Getty Photographs; Scott Olson/Getty Photographs; Justin Sullivan/Getty Photographs


From left to proper: former U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley, former President Donald Trump, former New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis, North Dakota Gov. Doug Burgum and Vivek Ramaswamy. Republican candidates proceed to be pressed on abortion rights on the marketing campaign path.

Joe Raedle/Getty Photographs; Brandon Bell/Getty Photographs; Michael M. Santiago/Getty Photographs; Scott Olson/Getty Photographs; Justin Sullivan/Getty Photographs

Maybe no difficulty is thornier for the 2024 Republican presidential major candidates than abortion.

Republicans broadly cheered the 2022 Supreme Courtroom determination, Dobbs v. Jackson Ladies’s Well being, that overturned Roe v. Wade. However since then, they’ve discovered that going too far on abortion restrictions could be a political legal responsibility.

The Dobbs determination and subsequent state-level legal guidelines limiting abortion entry galvanized voters who assist abortion rights. Each state poll measure on abortion rights since Dobbs has come out in favor of abortion rights, even in crimson states like Kansas, Kentucky and Ohio.

On high of that, the GOP’s opposition to abortion rights has been blamed for Republican underperformance within the 2022 midterms, and November’s elections in Pennsylvania, Virginia and Ohio.

Consequently, Republican presidential candidates are trying a balancing act: attraction to a celebration base that, to various levels, opposes abortion rights, with out alienating moderates, independents and basic election voters who favor fewer restrictions. The end result has been many broad statements about “defending life,” with no entire lot of specifics about precisely what restrictions candidates favor.

For instance, former President Donald Trump, the main Republican candidate, has dodged the query of whether or not he helps a federal abortion ban, to not point out what sort of gestational limits he helps.

In the meantime, Democrats see defending abortion rights not solely as an ethical crucial however as a method to drive voters to the polls in 2024. Abortion rights advocates are working to place measures defending entry to the process onto ballots in 2024 in a number of swing states, within the hopes of energizing voters.

President Biden has by no means been a passionate crusader for abortion rights. However since Dobbs, he has been extra keen to marketing campaign on the problem. The query is how a lot it continues to drive voters in 2024, and to what diploma different points – considerations concerning the financial system, Biden and Trump’s age, overseas conflicts – take over the dialog.

Does the candidate assist a federal abortion ban?

The best-profile query on abortion that candidates face is whether or not they would again a federal abortion ban. Earlier than he dropped out of the race, former Vice President Mike Pence challenged his rivals to signal on to a 15-week federal ban, and a number of other did. (Candidates have given a variety of solutions on what number of weeks the cutoff for such a ban could be; that’s addressed in one other part beneath.)

Trump has been notably evasive on the query, nevertheless. He has been requested a few federal ban a number of instances, and whereas he has by no means mentioned “no” outright, he has additionally regularly refused to again a federal abortion ban.

That mentioned, he as soon as did again a federal ban – throughout the 2016 marketing campaign, he promised to signal a 20-week federal ban if it got here to his desk as president, and in 2018, President Trump pushed Congress to move such a ban.

So what gestational limits, if any, does the candidate assist?

Since Dobbs, states have handed quite a lot of legal guidelines about how a lot to limit abortion, giving candidates many alternatives to both reward or criticize a variety of restrictions. As well as, a few of the candidates signed abortion bans as governors or supported restrictions as legislators. Under are the assorted ranges of abortion restrictions that candidates both presently assist or have supported previously.

Does the candidate assist restrictions on treatment abortion?

Previous to the Dobbs determination, treatment abortion accounted for a majority of all abortions within the U.S. Since Dobbs, abortion rights activists have been serving to sufferers, together with these in states with tight restrictions, get entry to the tablets utilized in these abortions – misoprostol and mifepristone. One technique is to ship the tablets to sufferers by way of the mail. In response, some states have handed legal guidelines trying to restrict entry to these tablets.

The president has some energy to limit or develop entry to the tablets – Biden, for instance, signed an government order in early 2023 that protected entry to treatment abortion by way of telehealth appointments, and that additionally allowed pharmacies to distribute the tablets.

As president, Trump pushed to limit treatment abortion throughout the Ccovid-19 pandemic, asking the Supreme Courtroom to require sufferers to go to a well being care supplier as a way to obtain the treatment.

The candidates have mentioned little about whether or not and the way they might hope to limit entry to the tablets as president. NPR reached out to all campaigns about their stance on this subject and has not obtained responses.

What about exceptions within the case of rape, incest or the lifetime of the pregnant individual?

Whereas Republicans usually oppose abortion rights, many consider there ought to be particular circumstances by which a affected person ought to have broad abortion entry – specifically, when a being pregnant outcomes from rape or incest, or when an abortion would save a pregnant affected person’s life.

These three exceptions are well-liked among the many Republican candidates, however some have supported or signed legal guidelines that both don’t include all three exceptions, or that include them to restricted extents. Nonetheless, all the remaining main candidates agree in offering these well-liked exceptions. However, there may be nuance amongst their positions.

  • Gov. Doug Burgum, R-N.D., signed a near-total abortion ban in North Dakota that included very restricted exceptions for rape and incest, permitting victims of these crimes to get abortions solely as much as six weeks of gestation. That legislation additionally allowed for abortion in circumstances that will save a affected person’s life or forestall extreme medical hurt.
  • Former Gov. Chris Christie, R-N.J., advised Semafor in April 2023 that he helps exceptions in these three circumstances.
  • Gov. Ron DeSantis, R-Fla., signed a six-week abortion ban that included exceptions for rape and incest as much as 15 weeks if a affected person might present documentation. The ban additionally contained an exception to avoid wasting a affected person’s life.
  • As governor of South Carolina, former U.N. Ambassador Nikki Haley signed an abortion ban that contained an exception to avoid wasting a affected person’s life, however no exceptions for rape or incest. Nevertheless, in June, a spokesperson mentioned she would signal a invoice that included these exceptions.
  • Vivek Ramaswamy has mentioned he helps exceptions in these three circumstances, based on Reuters.
  • Former President Donald Trump has repeatedly mentioned on the marketing campaign path this cycle that he helps these three exceptions.


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