The winter solstice within the Northern Hemisphere is named the summer time solstice within the Southern Hemisphere. Within the Northern Hemisphere, that is the shortest day of the yr, and after that, the times begin to get longer and the nights shorter.
Within the Southern Hemisphere, Dec. 21 is the longest day of the yr, and the times start to shorten and the nights lengthen afterward.
Earth’s closest level to the solar really is available in early January. It might appear stunning that it isn’t summer time within the Northern Hemisphere at the moment however the distinction between the solar at its farthest level (in July) and at its closest is simply 3.3 p.c, not sufficient to vary seasons.
It is the lean of Earth’s axis and never its orbit that offers the seasons.