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Timeline of Trudeau and Netanyahu’s deteriorating relationship Specific Instances

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Canada has lengthy supported Israel however there was the occasional disagreement. Now Benjamin Netanyahu has publicly rebuked Justin Trudeau

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For almost a decade, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu have led Canada and Israel.

Throughout that point, their relationship, largely, has been a heat one. Israeli diplomats have in contrast it to an previous married couple — the 2 nations get alongside, however have the occasional disagreement.

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Canada has lengthy reiterated its staunch assist for Israel, however latest years have seen the occasional rebuke from Canadian officers, and, in latest days, the connection has develop into much more tense.

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On Tuesday, Trudeau urged Israel to train “most restraint” in its conflict in opposition to Hamas. This prompted an outraged response from Netanyahu on social media. “It’s not Israel that’s intentionally focusing on civilians however Hamas that beheaded, burned and massacred civilians within the worst horrors perpetrated on Jews for the reason that Holocaust,” Netanyahu wrote on X.

Right here’s a quick historical past of the evolving relationship between Trudeau and Netanyahu.

2009: Benjamin Netanyahu, chairman of the conservative Likud celebration, is re-elected Israeli prime minister. It’s a submit he’ll maintain till 2021, after which he’ll return as prime minister in late 2022.

Oct. 19, 2015: Justin Trudeau is elected prime minister of Canada. On Oct. 23, Trudeau and Netanyahu maintain what’s described as a “heat name.” On the time, Trudeau’s election marks a possible departure from Stephen Harper’s full-throated assist of Israel’s hawkish prime minister, however Netanyahu invitations Trudeau to go to Israel. “Mr. Trudeau has been very constant from the very starting of his marketing campaign, in expressing his assist for Israel,” says Rafael Barak, Israel’s ambassador to Canada.

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November 2015: Trudeau attends the Paris local weather change convention. There, he has his first assembly with Netanyahu, who once more invitations him to Israel.

January 2016: Each Netanyahu and Trudeau attend the World Financial Discussion board occasion in Davos, Switzerland. Netanyahu says he and Trudeau have a “very, superb relationship.” Trudeau had, in 2015, introduced Canada’s CF-18 fighter jets would pull out of the worldwide coalition preventing in opposition to ISIL, and Netanyahu says that’s a choice Canada is entitled to make.

September 2016: Trudeau travels to Israel for the state funeral of Shimon Peres, the eighth prime minister of Israel. He additionally meets with Netanyahu on the latter’s house following the funeral. Canada is praised for the scale and high quality of its delegation to Israel, in line with The Canadian Press.

December 2017: On Dec. 6, U.S. president Donald Trump’s administration says that it’ll formally acknowledge Jerusalem as Israel’s capital. Trudeau and Chrystia Freeland, then overseas affairs minister, say Canada’s embassy will stay in Tel Aviv. Each Freeland and Trudeau additionally reiterate Canada’s assist for a two-state answer.

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On Dec. 21, the United Nations Normal Meeting holds a vote condemning the Trump administration’s stance on Jerusalem; Canada abstains from the vote. The next month, Trudeau characterizes Trump’s transfer as a political sport and says Canada will stay above it and never favour votes that condemn Israel.

January 2018: Trudeau and Netanyahu get collectively for a non-public chat on the World Financial Discussion board occasion in Davos, Switzerland. Whereas Canadian media are usually not notified in time to attend the assembly, reporters are advised they spoke concerning the peace course of and Iran’s function within the area.

Might 2018: Former prime minister Stephen Harper speaks out in opposition to the Iran nuclear deal, which Canada helps. On this, Harper has sided with Netanyahu and Trump. Trudeau reiterates Canada’s assist for the Obama-era deal, and says Harper has each proper to his personal opinion.

July 2018: Plans emerge for Israel to assist evacuate Syrian White Helmets to security from President Bashar al-Assad’s regime. Trudeau guarantees to resettle White Helmet volunteers and households in Canada.

November 2018: Trudeau apologizes for Canada’s rejection of 800 Jews aboard the MS St. Louis ocean liner in 1939; round 250 would return to Europe to die through the Holocaust. In the identical month, Freeland embarks upon her first journey to the Center East. “Canada’s dedication to Israel’s safety is unwavering and ironclad,” Freeland says.

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April 2019: Israeli President Reuven Rivlin holds a two-day go to to Canada. Israel’s envoy says the 2 international locations are shut. On the time, Trump had mentioned Israel has sovereignty over the Golan Heights, a strip of land between Israel and Syria. Canada’s place is that the Golan Heights are an Israeli-occupied territory. “We’re like a married couple in lots of respects. There are some points the place we disagree,” Barkan, the Israeli envoy, says.

November 2019: Canada, on the UN, backs a decision from North Korea, Egypt, Nicaragua, Zimbabwe and Palestine (which isn’t acknowledged as a state by many international locations, together with Canada, however is an observer state on the UN) that helps the “proper of the Palestinian individuals to self-determination.” Canada says, “In line with Canada’s longstanding place, it is vital at the moment to reiterate our dedication to a two-state answer and the equal rights and self-determination of all peoples.” An Israeli diplomat, talking anonymously to the Instances of Israel, says, “We’re very disillusioned by Canada’s vote.”

Might 2020: Israel is in one thing of a home political disaster as Netanyahu and Benny Gantz work in direction of a political coalition, which might collapse earlier than the top of the 12 months. Netanyahu needs to proceed with an annexation of lands within the West Financial institution which are ruled by the Palestinian Authority. Trudeau speaks with each males, and Canadian officers inform CBC Information that Canada can be unlikely to just accept the annexation.

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June 2020 : Trudeau says he’s involved about Israel’s potential annexation. “We deplore such actions, that are going to delay any prospect of lasting peace within the Center East. So, we ought to be working whereas respecting the idea of dialogue. And we’re very involved,” he says.

Might 2021: Trudeau requires a ceasefire as preventing between Palestinians and Israel escalates. The preventing was sparked by clashes at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque, one of many three holiest websites in Islam. The mosque is situated on the Temple Mount, the place the traditional Jewish temples as soon as stood, and it is among the most sacred websites to Jews. Netanyahu vows to proceed preventing.

June 2021: Netanyahu is out of energy. Trudeau says Canada will proceed to deepen its ties with Israel.

December 2022: Netanyahu is again in energy.

April 2023: Israeli police storm the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem’s Outdated Metropolis, prompting one other spherical of preventing. Trudeau criticizes the “infected rhetoric” coming from the Israeli authorities. “We have to see the Israeli authorities shifting in its strategy, and Canada is saying that as an expensive and shut and steadfast pal to Israel, we’re deeply involved across the course that the Israeli authorities has been taking,” Trudeau tells reporters.

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July 2023: Trudeau says a go to to Canada by Netanyahu is “not on the desk.” Trudeau additionally raises issues about tried judicial reforms in Israel which have led to main protests over a proposal that will restrict the ability of the courts over legislators.

October 2023: Trudeau condemns a shock terrorist assault by Hamas that left about 1,400 individuals, largely civilians, lifeless in Israel. “We stand with Israel and absolutely assist its proper to defend itself,” Trudeau says.

Nov. 14, 2023: Trudeau urges Israel to point out “most restraint” to spare the lives of Palestinian civilians in its conflict on Hamas. “The human tragedy that’s unfolding in Gaza is heart-wrenching, particularly the struggling we see in and across the Al Shifa Hospital,” the prime minister says at a Vancouver occasion. “I’ve been clear that the worth of justice can’t be the continued struggling of all Palestinian civilians. Even wars have guidelines.”

Greater than 10,000 Palestinians have been killed by Israeli airstrikes, in line with the Hamas-run well being ministry within the Gaza Strip. Whereas these figures can’t be independently verified, U.S. intelligence providers reportedly have rising confidence that the estimates are roughly correct.

In response, Netanyahu slams Trudeau, saying Israel isn’t intentionally focusing on civilians and that Hamas massacred civilians and is placing Gazans at risk. “It’s Hamas not Israel that ought to be held accountable for committing a double conflict crime — focusing on civilians whereas hiding behind civilians,” Netanyahu says in a submit to X. “The forces of civilization should again Israel in defeating Hamas barbarism.”

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With extra reporting by Nationwide Publish wires

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